Storia dell'Arte

Giulio Romano, Perin del Vaga: sulla diffusione della Maniera

ENGLISH VERSION by the same author

Giulio Romano, Perin del Vaga: among the spread of the manner

Giulio Romano, Wedding banquet by Amor and Psyche, sud wall, Palazzo Te (Mantua)

In the period of artistic transition happened after the disappearing of Raphael and a renovate spread of the artistic interest in Rome, Giulio Romano (Rome c. 1492/1499-1546 Mantua) born Giulio di Pietro de’ Gianuzzi (Giulio Pippi) stands out as noteworthy figure. He takes the direction of Raphael’s atelier and he completes leading other disciples, the last room of the Sistine Chapel, the one leaved unfinished by the master, the “Costantine Room”; Giulio Romano is not the only one who calls the tune in that period, between Raphael’s pupils there’s also Pietro di Giovanni Bonaccorsi (Perin del Vaga); generally speaking they are the artists that acquires the artistic estate of Raphael. Both of them infact are able to interpret his originality in an established manner.
Giulio Romano, Drawing for a silver saltcellar, 1524-1546, ink, NY, Cooper Hewitt

During the period after the untimely disappearing of Raphal Santi, the Church Government has a period of lack, in the same period infact dies the “indulgence’s pope” Leone X. The end of the Leone X it isn’t as important as the change of direction impressed by Adriano VI (1522-1523) Netherland pope who had low attention for art and of whom the period as pontifex is rembered not only for shortness, he ruled just for one year and half, but generally for his austerity. Austerity brilliant relased by Giulio de’ Medici, named as pontifex Clemente VII, young, well-read and so as to say found for foreign politics.

Perino del Vaga, Woman on her knees in a crowd(*), 1516-1547, ink, dim. 26,2 x 42,1 cm, London, British Museum
The Church Government was strong as mecenate, but not the only one. In Mantua the Gonzaga were realising their esteem and they choose to trust in Giulio Romano for the painting of the frescos of a large part of Te Palace. Giulio Romano is active in Mantua from 1524. The superintendence of the “fabbriche ducali” and the charge of superintendence of the urbanistic renovation was entrusted to Giulio Romano by Ferdinando Gonzaga. Giulio owning the example of Raphael during Church purchases, he directed and supervised tails of collaborators with brilliant results.

Perino del Vaga, The descend from the cross, 1516-1547, ink, dim. 32 x 27 cm, London, British Museum

Perino leaves the city few years later than Giulio Romano, late in 1527; that is not odd, in May during that year infact the Raid of Rome happened, episode that it is used as a mark of the massive way out of artists from Rome, the so called “diaspora of artists”. Perino moves to Genoa at Doria’s court, where he is entrusted by Andrea of Fassolo residence renovation. Perin del Vaga has a style really close to Raphael’s one, as much as – we could say that- the elegance of Raphael or the “manner” of Raphael arrives in Genoa trough out Perin del Vaga, so as it has been arriving in Mantua thanking Giulio. Perin del Vaga in the Roman period was melting his painting with Parmigianino (Parma 1503-1540 Casalmaggiore), then results are extremely interesting.

di/by Elettra Nicodemi

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