Caracci, Pietro da Cortona, Guido Reni
Carraccis’ Academy, painters from the city of Bologna active during the second half of the XVI century, has been founded in 1585. Ludovic Carracci estabilished it in Bologna in cooperation with the cousins Annibal Carracci (1560-1590) and Agoustine Carracci (1557-1602).
Ludovico Carracci, Annunciation, 1584, oil on panel, dim. 1,83 x 2,21 m, Bologna, Pinacoteca nazionale
In that period the Catholic Reformation influence over culture is as strong as in the common sense paintings has to be used to persuade folks to embrace and profess the religion. In that period people commonly thought images go through more violently than words, reason for do not paint cruent images, but do paint paradisiac images unable to frightening in order to get the divine closer. Ludovic Carracci is absolutly original, he studies painting from teachings carried by few schools on the verge of the trend from half XV century. He melts Tuscan painting, Roman one, the one from the city of Parma, finally he deprives his paintings of Mannerism. Ludovic communicates with his contemporaries, expecially with people living in cities, how? He realizes sacred contents paintings, uncruel, as simple as perfectible.
Annibale Carracci, Pietà, 1598-1600, Museo di Capodimonte, Napoli
Agoustine is the most theatral of the three Carracci, he searchs for diagonals of scenes; Agoustine paintings hung up people in the act they are doing, so as the scene flows or seems to be kinetic.
Annibal paints for the most out from Bologna, he is called in Rome to paint Palazzo Farnese Gallery. As his peculiar trait he renew the ancient-greek mythology to moralize.
Peter from Cortona (properly Pietro Berrettini) carries his contemporaries other two magnificent arhitects Francesco Borromini and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. They had been living as the three great Roman Baroque architects.
Pietro da Cortona, Meeting of Esau and Jacob, myb. 1655 , oil on panel, dim. 60 x 90,5 cm, San Petersburg, Hermitage
Peter from Cortona was born in Cortona (province of Arezzo) in 1596. He disappeared in Rome in 1669; his decorations creates a style, “the cortonism” that – where it find appeal (in Rome) – has influences untill the half of XVIII century. Peter broadens walls and breaks the ceilin, he opens vaults using frescos. Frescos that unveils paradisiac sights.
Guido Reni, Saint Sebastian, 1617-1619, oil on panel, dim 1,70 x 1,33 m, Madrid, Museo del Prado
Guido Reni (1575-1642) as the Carracci hails from Bologna, after his death he is a model of classical perfection in Italy and France for more than a century. The way he paints is a method, a route that passes between the two poles of late XVI century: Carracci and Caravaggio. Guido Reni was in Rome around the year 1600, where he could step around Annibal’s and Caravaggio’s work of art. Related to Guido Reni is proper to recall other two contemporaries artists, Domenichino (Bologna 1581-1641 Naples) and Guercino (Cento 1591-1666 Bologna).
di/by Elettra Nicodemi